Aussie-born Robson set for England debut against Sri Lanka
A general view shows Lord's Cricket Ground in north London on July 22, 2011 during a Test match between England and India - by Ian Kington
Robson was one of three uncapped players named by national selector James Whitaker in a 12-man group along with Barbados-born all-rounder Chris Jordan, who impressed during the recent 3-2 one-day series defeat by Sri Lanka, and Moeen Ali, who provides England with their lone spin option.
Meanwhile Yorkshire seamer Liam Plunkett, capable of hitting the 90mph mark, was recalled having last played Test cricket seven years ago.
Matt Prior, who has been struggling with an Achilles injury, was passed fit to keep wicket.
And that meant there was no place for Jos Buttler, who made a blistering century for England against Sri Lanka in the fourth one-day international at Lord's on Saturday or Jonny Bairstow, the man who replaced Prior during England's 5-0 Ashes series loss in Australia.
- 'Emerging talent' -
England national selector James Whitaker said: "We believe that this group of emerging talent will be very well complimented by the established core of experienced players that have been selected."
Robson, the son of an English-born mother, is set to open alongside England captain Alastair Cook after Michael Carberry was dropped in what was Peter Moores's first Test squad since he returned to the job of England coach.
He impressed on recent England second-string tours of Australia and Sri Lanka, making five hundreds in six matches during those trips while his coach at Middlesex, Angus Fraser, is now a Test selector.
"The winter form (showed) his (Robson's) excellence -- five hundreds there, and he showed some great characteristics," Whitaker told Sky Sports.
"He has a great attitude and is very fit, focused and disciplined - all the attributes Peter and Alastair want in their squad.
"All along, Sam has had the hallmarks of the next England opening batter."
Ali, primarily a batsman, provides England with a spin option following the retirement of off-break bowler Graeme Swann.
Robson, an Australia Under-19 international who also played for Sydney's Eastern Suburbs club, headed to London soon after leaving school.
Last year, Cricket Australia brought in the so-called 'Robson rule' allowing dual passport-holders to play domestic matches in more than one country.
But a "proud" Robson, whose Middlesex captain is Australia opener Chris Rodgers, insisted Thursday he'd felt no conflict of loyalties.
"I grew up in Australia until I left school but moved here when I was 18 and have lived here for my whole adult life really," Robson told BBC Radio.
"This is my home; this is where my cricket has taken me.
"I love living in London; I love England, and this is where my life is."
Robson, who averages over 42 in first-class cricket, and is known for his orthodox technique, added: "You could say I'm an old-fashioned cricketer.
"I try to get stuck in and do the hard work against the new ball and bat for as long as I can -- annoying the bowlers and getting the team into a good position."
Six players who featured in England's last Test, a crushing 281-run defeat by Australia at Sydney weren't included Thursday -- Kevin Pietersen, whose international career was terminated by the ECB after the Ashes, Carberry, Stokes, Bairstow, former Ireland seamer Boyd Rankin and leg-spinner Scott Borthwick.
Alastair Cook (Essex, capt), Moeen Ali (Worcestershire), James Anderson (Lancashire), Gary Ballance (Yorkshire), Ian Bell (Warwickshire), Stuart Broad (Nottinghamshire), Chris Jordan (Sussex), Liam Plunkett (Yorkshire), Matt Prior (Sussex, wkt), Sam Robson (Middlesex), Joe Root (Yorkshire), Chris Woakes (Warwickshire)