England spinner Swann quits international cricket
England Ashes Test cricketer Graeme Swann runs in to bowl past teammate Stuart Broad (R), during the tour match against a Cricket Australia Invitational XI in Sydney on November 16, 2013
Swann, who took 255 wickets in 60 Tests and is sixth on the list of Test wicket-takers for England, said defeat in Perth last week, which saw Australia seal the Ashes, had cemented his decision to call it a day.
His abrupt announcement further unsettles England, who trail 3-0 in the series after three heavy defeats and are battling to avoid a humiliating 5-0 series whitewash.
"I made the decision after the Perth Test. It was probably halfway through that Perth game to be honest," Swann, 34, told a press conference in Melbourne.
"My body doesn't like playing long forms of cricket, my arm doesn't cope with bowling 30-40 overs in the first innings and then repeating it in the second innings a day later.
"I could feel my performances tapering off to the back-end of games and I wasn't happy with that.
"I am not willing just to hang on and just get by by being a bit-part player. I want to win matches for England and I don't feel like I was doing that in the second innings any more. As a result, it's time to go."
The off-spinner, a jovial and popular character within the England team, has been under pressure to keep his place in the England team after taking just seven wickets at an average of 80.00 in the three Tests in Australia.
He will miss the fourth Test, starting in Melbourne on Thursday, and the final Test in Sydney and his withdrawal means further disruption for England following the departure of batsman Jonathan Trott earlier in the tour with a stress-related illness.
"With two games to go in Australia and then a fiercely competitive summer against Sri Lanka and India I feel that it is a great time for someone else to strap themselves in and hopefully enjoy the ride as much as I have," Swann said.
"It was very difficult decision. This England team has been my family for the best part of a decade now, and you spend so much time with guys you absolutely love to pieces.
"There are things I will genuinely miss and I am nervous about that, but to carry on just for those reasons would be really selfish and I'm not prepared to do that."
Swann, who made his Test debut in 2008 and averaged 29.96 with the ball, said his decision had nothing to do with uproar over comments he made on Facebook last week that likened the third Ashes Test loss to being "raped".
"It was unfortunate that someone chose to trawl through my brother's Facebook page. I did apologise for that and it had nothing to do with it," Swann said.
England team director Andy Flower said Swann had played a major role in England's recent success.
"Graeme Swann has made an outstanding contribution to the England cricket team in all formats throughout an incredibly successful career, and I would like to congratulate him on all that he has achieved," Flower said in a statement.
"His commitment, competitive spirit and sense of humour have been recognised and admired by team mates and supporters alike, and he has played a big part in England’s success over the last five years.
"The dressing room will be a very different place without Graeme’s unique personality and I would like to wish him all the very best for the future."
Former England captain Michael Vaughan tweeted upon the news: "Too soon IMO for Graeme Swann 2 retire but it's been a absolute pleasure watching him perform for many years. Finger spin out of the top draw.
"Of all the England players over the last 20 yrs he is the one the team (will) miss the most ... Spinners of his quality are a rare breed."