Anelka, 34, was given a five-game suspension, as well as an �80,000 (97,00 euros, $133,000) fine, last week after making the gesture during his side's 3-3 draw at West Ham United in the Premier League in December.

The body that imposed the ban revealed the reasons for its decision in a 35-page report released on Thursday, in which it stated that the 'quenelle' is "strongly associated with anti-Semitism".

However, the commission said that it was not satisfied that Anelka intended to "express or promote anti-Semitism by his use of the quenelle".

Its report also revealed that the Football Association had unsuccessfully pushed for a stronger sanction than the mandatory minimum five-game ban.