-- The kings of European football were founded in 1902 as Madrid Football club. They became Real Madrid after earning a royal stamp of approval in 1920 from King Alfonso XIII. The royal crown is part of their team logo.

-- Real have won a record nine European Cup and Champions League titles (1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002). They have not reached the final since though.

They have also been Spanish champions 32 times, won the Copa del Rey 18 times, the UEFA Cup twice, European Super Cup once and the Intercontinental Cup three times.

-- Real were named the world's richest football club in the Deloitte rankings for a record ninth straight time in January, despite winning no titles last season. They had total revenue of $702 million in the last financial year, $47 million ahead of Spanish rivals Barcelona in second.

-- Known most commonly as Los Merengues ('the meringues') for their all white strip, some also call them Los Blancos (the whites).

-- A legion of famous players have shone at the Santiago Bernabeu stadium, from the post-war generation of Alfredo di Stefano and Ferenc Puskas to the 'galacticos' of the early 2000s and the present generation of superstars Cristiano Ronaldo and Xabi Alonso and Gareth Bale.