No financial details of the deal were revealed by either club, Parma simply stating they had made the deal 'permanent'.

"Parma has signed defender Cristian Molinaro from Stuttgart on a permanent basis," the club said in a statement.

"After four years in Germany, the player returns to Italy where he played for Salernitana, Siena and Juventus."

Molinaro, 30, has also played a handful of games for Italy following his first call-up by current coach Cesare Prandelli.

He joined Stuttgart, initially on loan, from Juventus in January 2010. The German side signed him on a permanent deal, until June 2014, in the summer of 2010.

Parma, who have never won Serie A but boast two UEFA Cup trophies and a UEFA Cup winners' Cup, currently sit seventh in Serie A one point off the first qualifying place for the Europa League.