Strootman's season, and World Cup hopes, ended prematurely when he suffered injury 13 minutes into a 1-0 defeat to Napoli less than two weeks ago.

He will be out for the remainder of the season and miss this summer's World Cup in Brazil.

A statement by Roma said: "This morning Kevin Strootman underwent surgery on his left knee at the AMC hospital in Amsterdam.

"The surgery ... lasted approximately two hours and was a complete success. During the operation a reconstruction of Strootman's anterior cruciate ligament was carried out, and injuries to the medial and lateral meniscus were treated.

"The player will begin his rehabilitation therapy within the next few days in Amsterdam."

Roma defeated Udinese 3-2 on Monday to close to within 14 points of Serie A leaders Juventus, although the club from the capital have a game in hand.